The Ceph file system can be used as a drop-in replacement for the Hadoop File System (HDFS). This page describes the installation and configuration process of using Ceph with Hadoop.
Currently requires Hadoop 1.1.X stable series
There are three requirements for using CephFS with Hadoop. First, a running Ceph installation is required. The details of setting up a Ceph cluster and the file system are beyond the scope of this document. Please refer to the Ceph documentation for installing Ceph.
The remaining two requirements are a Hadoop installation, and the Ceph file system Java packages, including the Java CephFS Hadoop plugin. The high-level steps are two add the dependencies to the Hadoop installation CLASSPATH, and configure Hadoop to use the Ceph file system.
Adding these dependencies to a Hadoop installation will depend on your particular deployment. In general the dependencies must be present on each node in the system that will be part of the Hadoop cluster, and must be in the CLASSPATH searched for by Hadoop. Typically approaches are to place the additional jar files into the hadoop/lib directory, or to edit the HADOOP_CLASSPATH variable in hadoop-env.sh.
The native Ceph file system client must be installed on each participating node in the Hadoop cluster.
This section describes the Hadoop configuration options used to control Ceph. These options are intended to be set in the Hadoop configuration file conf/core-site.xml.
|ceph.conf.file||Local path to ceph.conf||/etc/ceph/ceph.conf|
|ceph.conf.options||Comma separated list of Ceph configuration key/value pairs||opt1=val1,opt2=val2|
|ceph.root.dir||Mount root directory||Default value: /|
|ceph.auth.id||Ceph user id||Example: admin|
|ceph.auth.keyfile||Ceph key file|
|ceph.auth.keyring||Ceph keyring file|
|ceph.object.size||Default file object size in bytes||Default value (64MB): 67108864|
|ceph.data.pools||List of Ceph data pools for storing file.||Default value: default Ceph pool.|
|ceph.localize.reads||Allow reading from file replica objects||Default value: true|
The Hadoop file system interface allows users to specify a custom replication factor (e.g. 3 copies of each block) when creating a file. However, object replication factors in the Ceph file system are controlled on a per-pool basis, and by default a Ceph file system will contain only a single pre-configured pool. Thus, in order to support per-file replication with Hadoop over Ceph, additional storage pools with non-default replications factors must be created, and Hadoop must be configured to choose from these additional pools.
Additional data pools can be specified using the ceph.data.pools configuration option. The value of the option is a comma separated list of pool names. The default Ceph pool will be used automatically if this configuration option is omitted or the value is empty. For example, the following configuration setting will consider the pools pool1, pool2, and pool5 when selecting a target pool to store a file.
<property> <name>ceph.data.pools</name> <value>pool1,pool2,pool5</value> </property>
Hadoop will not create pools automatically. In order to create a new pool with a specific replication factor use the ceph osd pool create command, and then set the size property on the pool using the ceph osd pool set command. For more information on creating and configuring pools see the RADOS Pool documentation.
Once a pool has been created and configured the metadata service must be told that the new pool may be used to store file data. A pool is be made available for storing file system data using the ceph mds add_data_pool command.
First, create the pool. In this example we create the hadoop1 pool with replication factor 1.
ceph osd pool create hadoop1 100 ceph osd pool set hadoop1 size 1
Next, determine the pool id. This can be done by examining the output of the ceph osd dump command. For example, we can look for the newly created hadoop1 pool.
ceph osd dump | grep hadoop1
The output should resemble:
pool 3 'hadoop1' rep size 1 min_size 1 crush_ruleset 0...
where 3 is the pool id. Next we will use the pool id reference to register the pool as a data pool for storing file system data.
ceph mds add_data_pool 3
The final step is to configure Hadoop to consider this data pool when selecting the target pool for new files.
<property> <name>ceph.data.pools</name> <value>hadoop1</value> </property>
The following rules describe how Hadoop chooses a pool given a desired replication factor and the set of pools specified using the ceph.data.pools configuration option.
Hadoop will produce log file entry when it cannot determine the replication factor of a pool (e.g. it is not configured as a data pool). The log message will appear as follows:
Error looking up replication of pool: <pool name>
Hadoop will also produce a log entry when it wasn’t able to select an exact match for replication. This log entry will appear as follows:
selectDataPool path=<path> pool:repl=<name>:<value> wanted=<value>