Ceph Filesystem Scrub

CephFS provides the cluster admin (operator) to check consistency of a filesystem via a set of scrub commands. Scrub can be classified into two parts:

  1. Forward Scrub: In which the scrub operation starts at the root of the filesystem (or a sub directory) and looks at everything that can be touched in the hierarchy to ensure consistency.
  2. Backward Scrub: In which the scrub operation looks at every RADOS object in the filesystem pools and maps it back to the filesystem hierarchy.

This document details commands to initiate and control forward scrub (referred as scrub thereafter).

Initiate Filesystem Scrub

To start a scrub operation for a directory tree use the following command

ceph tell mds.a scrub start / recursive
{
    "return_code": 0,
    "scrub_tag": "6f0d204c-6cfd-4300-9e02-73f382fd23c1",
    "mode": "asynchronous"
}

Recursive scrub is asynchronous (as hinted by mode in the output above). Scrub tag is a random string that can used to monitor the progress of the scrub operation (explained further in this document).

Custom tag can also be specified when initiating the scrub operation. Custom tags get persisted in the metadata object for every inode in the filesystem tree that is being scrubbed.

ceph tell mds.a scrub start /a/b/c recursive tag0
{
    "return_code": 0,
    "scrub_tag": "tag0",
    "mode": "asynchronous"
}

Monitor (ongoing) Filesystem Scrubs

Status of ongoing scrubs can be monitored using in scrub status command. This commands lists out ongoing scrubs (identified by the tag) along with the path and options used to initiate the scrub.

ceph tell mds.a scrub status
{
    "status": "scrub active (85 inodes in the stack)",
    "scrubs": {
        "6f0d204c-6cfd-4300-9e02-73f382fd23c1": {
            "path": "/",
            "options": "recursive"
        }
    }
}

status shows the number of inodes that are scheduled to be scrubbed at any point in time, hence, can change on subsequent scrub status invocations.

Control (ongoing) Filesystem Scrubs

  • Pause: Pausing ongoing scrub operations results in no new or pending inodes being scrubbed after in-flight RADOS ops (for the inodes that are currently being scrubbed) finish.
ceph tell mds.a scrub pause
{
    "return_code": 0
}

scrub status after pausing reflects the paused state. At this point, initiating new scrub operations (via scrub start) would just queue the inode for scrub.

ceph tell mds.a scrub status
{
    "status": "PAUSED (66 inodes in the stack)",
    "scrubs": {
        "6f0d204c-6cfd-4300-9e02-73f382fd23c1": {
            "path": "/",
            "options": "recursive"
        }
    }
}
  • Resume: Resuming kick starts a paused scrub operation.
ceph tell mds.a. scrub resume
{
    "return_code": 0
}
  • Abort: Aborting ongoing scrub operations removes pending inodes from the scrub queue (thereby aborting the scrub) after in-flight RADOS ops (for the inodes that are currently being scrubbed) finish.
ceph tell mds.a. scrub abort
{
    "return_code": 0
}