Perf counters

The perf counters provide generic internal infrastructure for gauges and counters. The counted values can be both integer and float. There is also an “average” type (normally float) that combines a sum and num counter which can be divided to provide an average.

The intention is that this data will be collected and aggregated by a tool like collectd or statsd and fed into a tool like graphite for graphing and analysis. Also, note the Prometheus plugin.

Access

The perf counter data is accessed via the admin socket. For example:

ceph daemon osd.0 perf schema
ceph daemon osd.0 perf dump

Collections

The values are grouped into named collections, normally representing a subsystem or an instance of a subsystem. For example, the internal throttle mechanism reports statistics on how it is throttling, and each instance is named something like:

throttle-msgr_dispatch_throttler-hbserver
throttle-msgr_dispatch_throttler-client
throttle-filestore_bytes
...

Schema

The perf schema command dumps a json description of which values are available, and what their type is. Each named value as a type bitfield, with the following bits defined.

bit meaning
1 floating point value
2 unsigned 64-bit integer value
4 average (sum + count pair), where
8 counter (vs gauge)

Every value will have either bit 1 or 2 set to indicate the type (float or integer).

If bit 8 is set (counter), the value is monotonically increasing and the reader may want to subtract off the previously read value to get the delta during the previous interval.

If bit 4 is set (average), there will be two values to read, a sum and a count. If it is a counter, the average for the previous interval would be sum delta (since the previous read) divided by the count delta. Alternatively, dividing the values outright would provide the lifetime average value. Normally these are used to measure latencies (number of requests and a sum of request latencies), and the average for the previous interval is what is interesting.

Instead of interpreting the bit fields, the metric type has a value of either guage or counter, and the value type property will be one of real, integer, real-integer-pair (for a sum + real count pair), or integer-integer-pair (for a sum + integer count pair).

Here is an example of the schema output:

{
  "throttle-bluestore_throttle_bytes": {
      "val": {
          "type": 2,
          "metric_type": "gauge",
          "value_type": "integer",
          "description": "Currently available throttle",
          "nick": ""
      },
      "max": {
          "type": 2,
          "metric_type": "gauge",
          "value_type": "integer",
          "description": "Max value for throttle",
          "nick": ""
      },
      "get_started": {
          "type": 10,
          "metric_type": "counter",
          "value_type": "integer",
          "description": "Number of get calls, increased before wait",
          "nick": ""
      },
      "get": {
          "type": 10,
          "metric_type": "counter",
          "value_type": "integer",
          "description": "Gets",
          "nick": ""
      },
      "get_sum": {
          "type": 10,
          "metric_type": "counter",
          "value_type": "integer",
          "description": "Got data",
          "nick": ""
      },
      "get_or_fail_fail": {
          "type": 10,
          "metric_type": "counter",
          "value_type": "integer",
          "description": "Get blocked during get_or_fail",
          "nick": ""
      },
      "get_or_fail_success": {
          "type": 10,
          "metric_type": "counter",
          "value_type": "integer",
          "description": "Successful get during get_or_fail",
          "nick": ""
      },
      "take": {
          "type": 10,
          "metric_type": "counter",
          "value_type": "integer",
          "description": "Takes",
          "nick": ""
      },
      "take_sum": {
          "type": 10,
          "metric_type": "counter",
          "value_type": "integer",
          "description": "Taken data",
          "nick": ""
      },
      "put": {
          "type": 10,
          "metric_type": "counter",
          "value_type": "integer",
          "description": "Puts",
          "nick": ""
      },
      "put_sum": {
          "type": 10,
          "metric_type": "counter",
          "value_type": "integer",
          "description": "Put data",
          "nick": ""
      },
      "wait": {
          "type": 5,
          "metric_type": "gauge",
          "value_type": "real-integer-pair",
          "description": "Waiting latency",
          "nick": ""
      }
}

Dump

The actual dump is similar to the schema, except that average values are grouped. For example:

{
  "throttle-msgr_dispatch_throttler-hbserver" : {
     "get_or_fail_fail" : 0,
     "get_sum" : 0,
     "max" : 104857600,
     "put" : 0,
     "val" : 0,
     "take" : 0,
     "get_or_fail_success" : 0,
     "wait" : {
        "avgcount" : 0,
        "sum" : 0
     },
     "get" : 0,
     "take_sum" : 0,
     "put_sum" : 0
  },
  "throttle-msgr_dispatch_throttler-client" : {
     "get_or_fail_fail" : 0,
     "get_sum" : 82760,
     "max" : 104857600,
     "put" : 2637,
     "val" : 0,
     "take" : 0,
     "get_or_fail_success" : 0,
     "wait" : {
        "avgcount" : 0,
        "sum" : 0
     },
     "get" : 2637,
     "take_sum" : 0,
     "put_sum" : 82760
  }
}