OpenStack Barbican Integration

OpenStack Barbican can be used as a secure key management service for Server-Side Encryption.

../../_images/rgw-encryption-barbican.png
  1. Configure Keystone
  2. Create a Keystone user
  3. Configure the Ceph Object Gateway
  4. Create a key in Barbican

Configure Keystone

Barbican depends on Keystone for authorization and access control of its keys.

See OpenStack Keystone Integration.

Create a Keystone user

Create a new user that will be used by the Ceph Object Gateway to retrieve keys.

For example:

user = rgwcrypt-user
pass = rgwcrypt-password
tenant = rgwcrypt

See OpenStack documentation for Manage projects, users, and roles.

Create a key in Barbican

See Barbican documentation for How to Create a Secret. Requests to Barbican must include a valid Keystone token in the X-Auth-Token header.

Example request:

POST /v1/secrets HTTP/1.1
Host: barbican.example.com:9311
Accept: */*
Content-Type: application/json
X-Auth-Token: 7f7d588dd29b44df983bc961a6b73a10
Content-Length: 299

{
    "name": "my-key",
    "expiration": "2016-12-28T19:14:44.180394",
    "algorithm": "aes",
    "bit_length": 256,
    "mode": "cbc",
    "payload": "6b+WOZ1T3cqZMxgThRcXAQBrS5mXKdDUphvpxptl9/4=",
    "payload_content_type": "application/octet-stream",
    "payload_content_encoding": "base64"
}

Response:

{"secret_ref": "http://barbican.example.com:9311/v1/secrets/d1e7ef3b-f841-4b7c-90b2-b7d90ca2d723"}

In the response, d1e7ef3b-f841-4b7c-90b2-b7d90ca2d723 is the key id that can be used in any SSE-KMS request.

This newly created key is not accessible by user rgwcrypt-user. This privilege must be added with an ACL.

Example request (assuming that the Keystone id of rgwcrypt-user is 906aa90bd8a946c89cdff80d0869460f):

PUT /v1/secrets/d1e7ef3b-f841-4b7c-90b2-b7d90ca2d723/acl HTTP/1.1
Host: barbican.example.com:9311
Accept: */*
Content-Type: application/json
X-Auth-Token: 7f7d588dd29b44df983bc961a6b73a10
Content-Length: 101

{
    "read":{
    "users":[ "906aa90bd8a946c89cdff80d0869460f" ],
    "project-access": true
    }
}

Response:

{"acl_ref": "http://barbican.example.com:9311/v1/secrets/d1e7ef3b-f841-4b7c-90b2-b7d90ca2d723/acl"}

Configure the Ceph Object Gateway

Edit the Ceph configuration file to add information about the Barbican server and Keystone user:

rgw barbican url = http://barbican.example.com:9311
rgw keystone barbican user = rgwcrypt-user
rgw keystone barbican password = rgwcrypt-password

When using Keystone API version 2:

rgw keystone barbican tenant = rgwcrypt

When using API version 3:

rgw keystone barbican project
rgw keystone barbican domain