iSCSI Initiator for Linux


  • Package iscsi-initiator-utils
  • Package device-mapper-multipath


Install the iSCSI initiator and multipath tools:

# yum install iscsi-initiator-utils
# yum install device-mapper-multipath


  1. Create the default /etc/multipath.conf file and enable the multipathd service:

    # mpathconf --enable --with_multipathd y
  2. Add the following to /etc/multipath.conf file:

    devices {
            device {
                    vendor                 "LIO-ORG"
                    hardware_handler       "1 alua"
                    path_grouping_policy   "failover"
                    path_selector          "queue-length 0"
                    failback               60
                    path_checker           tur
                    prio                   alua
                    prio_args              exclusive_pref_bit
                    fast_io_fail_tmo       25
                    no_path_retry          queue
  3. Restart the multipathd service:

    # systemctl reload multipathd

iSCSI Discovery and Setup:

  1. If CHAP was setup on the iSCSI gateway, provide a CHAP username and password by updating the /etc/iscsi/iscsid.conf file accordingly.

  2. Discover the target portals:

    # iscsiadm -m discovery -t -st,1,2
  3. Login to target:

    # iscsiadm -m node -T -l

Multipath IO Setup:

The multipath daemon (multipathd), will set up devices automatically based on the multipath.conf settings. Running the multipath command show devices setup in a failover configuration with a priority group for each path.

# multipath -ll
mpathbt (360014059ca317516a69465c883a29603) dm-1 LIO-ORG ,IBLOCK
size=1.0G features='0' hwhandler='1 alua' wp=rw
|-+- policy='queue-length 0' prio=50 status=active
| `- 28:0:0:1 sde  8:64  active ready running
`-+- policy='queue-length 0' prio=10 status=enabled
  `- 29:0:0:1 sdc  8:32  active ready running

You should now be able to use the RBD image like you would a normal multipath’d iSCSI disk.