CephFS Shell

The File System (FS) shell includes various shell-like commands that directly interact with the Ceph File System.

Usage :

cephfs-shell [-options] – [command, command,…]

Options :
-c, --config FILE

Set Configuration file.

-b, --batch FILE

Process a batch file.

-t, --test FILE

Test against transcript(s) in FILE

Note

Latest version of the cmd2 module is required for running cephfs-shell. If CephFS is installed through source, execute cephfs-shell in the build directory. It can also be executed as following using virtualenv:

[build]$ virtualenv -p python3 venv && source venv/bin/activate && pip3 install cmd2
[build]$ source vstart_environment.sh && source venv/bin/activate && python3 ../src/tools/cephfs/cephfs-shell

Commands

mkdir

Create the directory(ies), if they do not already exist.

Usage :

mkdir [-option] <directory>…

  • directory - name of the directory to be created.

Options :
-m MODE

Sets the access mode for the new directory.

-p, --parent

Create parent directories as necessary. When this option is specified, no error is reported if a directory already exists.

put

Copy a file/directory to Ceph File System from Local File System.

Usage :

put [options] <source_path> [target_path]

  • source_path - local file/directory path to be copied to cephfs.
    • if . copies all the file/directories in the local working directory.

    • if - Reads the input from stdin.

  • target_path - remote directory path where the files/directories are to be copied to.
    • if . files/directories are copied to the remote working directory.

Options :
-f, --force

Overwrites the destination if it already exists.

get

Copy a file from Ceph File System to Local File System.

Usage :

get [options] <source_path> [target_path]

  • source_path - remote file/directory path which is to be copied to local file system.
    • if . copies all the file/directories in the remote working directory.

  • target_path - local directory path where the files/directories are to be copied to.
    • if . files/directories are copied to the local working directory.

    • if - Writes output to stdout.

Options:
-f, --force

Overwrites the destination if it already exists.

ls

List all the files and directories in the current working directory.

Usage :

ls [option] [directory]…

  • directory - name of directory whose files/directories are to be listed.
    • By default current working directory’s files/directories are listed.

Options:
-l, --long

list with long format - show permissions

-r, --reverse

reverse sort

-H

human readable

-a, -all

ignore entries starting with .

-S

Sort by file_size

cat

Concatenate files and print on the standard output

Usage :

cat <file>….

  • file - name of the file

cd

Change current working directory.

Usage :

cd [directory]

  • directory - path/directory name. If no directory is mentioned it is changed to the root directory.
    • If ‘.’ moves to the parent directory of the current directory.

cwd

Get current working directory.

Usage :

cwd

quit/Ctrl + D

Close the shell.

chmod

Change the permissions of file/directory.

Usage :

chmod <mode> <file/directory>

mv

Moves files/Directory from source to destination.

Usage :

mv <source_path> <destination_path>

rmdir

Delete a directory(ies).

Usage :

rmdir <directory_name>…..

rm

Remove a file(es).

Usage :

rm <file_name/pattern>…

write

Create and Write a file.

Usage :

write <file_name> <Enter Data> Ctrl+D Exit.

lls

Lists all files and directories in the specified directory.Current local directory files and directories are listed if no path is mentioned

Usage:

lls <path>…..

lcd

Moves into the given local directory.

Usage :

lcd <path>

lpwd

Prints the absolute path of the current local directory.

Usage :

lpwd

umask

Set and get the file mode creation mask

Usage :

umask [mode]

alias

Define or display aliases

Usage:

alias [name] | [<name> <value>]

  • name - name of the alias being looked up, added, or replaced

  • value - what the alias will be resolved to (if adding or replacing) this can contain spaces and does not need to be quoted

run_pyscript

Runs a python script file inside the console

Usage:

run_pyscript <script_path> [script_arguments]

  • Console commands can be executed inside this script with cmd (“your command”) However, you cannot run nested “py” or “pyscript” commands from within this script. Paths or arguments that contain spaces must be enclosed in quotes

Note

This command is available as pyscript for cmd2 versions 0.9.13 or less.

py

Invoke python command, shell, or script

Usage :

py <command>: Executes a Python command. py: Enters interactive Python mode.

shortcuts

Lists shortcuts (aliases) available

Usage :

shortcuts

history

View, run, edit, and save previously entered commands.

Usage :

history [-h] [-r | -e | -s | -o FILE | -t TRANSCRIPT] [arg]

Options:
-h

show this help message and exit

-r

run selected history items

-e

edit and then run selected history items

-s

script format; no separation lines

-o FILE

output commands to a script file

-t TRANSCRIPT

output commands and results to a transcript file

unalias

Unsets aliases

Usage :

unalias [-a] name [name …]

  • name - name of the alias being unset

Options:
-a

remove all alias definitions

set

Sets a settable parameter or shows current settings of parameters.

Usage :

set [-h] [-a] [-l] [settable [settable …]]

  • Call without arguments for a list of settable parameters with their values.

Options :
-h

show this help message and exit

-a

display read-only settings as well

-l

describe function of parameter

edit

Edit a file in a text editor.

Usage:

edit [file_path]

  • file_path - path to a file to open in editor

run_script

Runs commands in script file that is encoded as either ASCII or UTF-8 text. Each command in the script should be separated by a newline.

Usage:

run_script <file_path>

  • file_path - a file path pointing to a script

Note

This command is available as load for cmd2 versions 0.9.13 or less.

shell

Execute a command as if at the OS prompt.

Usage:

shell <command> [arguments]

locate

Find an item in File System

Usage:

locate [options] <name>

Options :
-c

Count number of items found

-i

Ignore case

stat

Display file status.

Usage :

stat [-h] <file_name> [file_name …]

Options :
-h

Shows the help message