Mount CephFS using Kernel Driver


Before mounting CephFS, copy the Ceph configuration file and keyring for the CephX user that has CAPS to mount MDS to the client host (where CephFS will be mounted and used) from the host where Ceph Monitor resides. Please note that it’s possible to mount CephFS without conf and keyring, but in that case, you would have to pass the MON’s socket and CephX user’s secret key manually to every mount command you run.

  1. Generate a minimal conf file for the client host and place it at a standard location:

    # on client host
    mkdir /etc/ceph
    ssh {user}@{mon-host} "sudo ceph config generate-minimal-conf" | sudo tee /etc/ceph/ceph.conf

    Alternatively, you may copy the conf file. But the above method creates a conf with minimum details which is better.

  2. Ensure that the conf file has appropriate permissions:

    chmod 644 /etc/ceph/ceph.conf
  3. Create a CephX user and get its secret key:

    ssh {user}@{mon-host} "sudo ceph fs authorize cephfs / rw" | sudo tee /etc/ceph/

    In above command, replace cephfs with the name of your CephFS, foo by the name you want for CephX user and / by the path within your CephFS for which you want to allow access to the client and rw stands for, both, read and write permissions. Alternatively, you may copy the Ceph keyring from the MON host to client host at /etc/ceph but creating a keyring specific to the client host is better.


If you get 2 prompts for password while running above any of 2 above command, run sudo ls (or any other trivial command with sudo) immediately before these commands.

  1. Ensure that the keyring has appropriate permissions:

    chmod 600 /etc/ceph/
  2. mount.ceph helper is installed with Ceph packages. If for some reason installing these packages is not feasible and/or mount.ceph is not present on the system, you can still mount CephFS, but you’ll need to explicitly pass the monitor addreses and CephX user keyring. To verify that it is installed, do:

    stat /sbin/mount.ceph


In general, the command to mount CephFS via kernel driver looks like this:

mount -t ceph {device-string}:{path-to-mounted} {mount-point} -o {key-value-args} {other-args}

Mounting CephFS

On Ceph clusters, CephX is enabled by default. Use mount command to mount CephFS with the kernel driver:

mkdir /mnt/mycephfs
mount -t ceph :/ /mnt/mycephfs -o name=foo

The key-value argument right after option -o is CephX credential; name is the username of the CephX user we are using to mount CephFS. The default value for name is guest.

The kernel driver also requires MON’s socket and the secret key for the CephX user. In case of the above command, mount.ceph helper figures out these details automatically by finding and reading Ceph conf file and keyring. In case you don’t have these files on the host where you’re running mount command, you can pass these details yourself too:

mount -t ceph, /mnt/mycephfs -o name=foo,secret=AQATSKdNGBnwLhAAnNDKnH65FmVKpXZJVasUeQ==

Passing a single MON socket in above command works too. A potential problem with the command above is that the secret key is left in your shell’s command history. To prevent that you can copy the secret key inside a file and pass the file by using the option secretfile instead of secret:

mount -t ceph :/ /mnt/mycephfs -o name=foo,secretfile=/etc/ceph/foo.secret

Ensure the permissions on the secret key file are appropriate (preferably, 600).

In case CephX is disabled, you can omit -o and the list of key-value arguments that follow it:

mount -t ceph :/ /mnt/mycephfs

To mount a subtree of the CephFS root, append the path to the device string:

mount -t ceph :/subvolume/dir1/dir2 /mnt/mycephfs -o name=fs

If you have more than one file system on your Ceph cluster, you can mount the non-default FS on your local FS as follows:

mount -t ceph :/ /mnt/mycephfs2 -o name=fs,mds_namespace=mycephfs2

Unmounting CephFS

To unmount the Ceph file system, use the umount command as usual:

umount /mnt/mycephfs


Ensure that you are not within the file system directories before executing this command.

Persistent Mounts

To mount CephFS in your file systems table as a kernel driver, add the following to /etc/fstab:

[{ipaddress}:{port}]:/ {mount}/{mountpoint} ceph [name=username,secret=secretkey|secretfile=/path/to/secretfile],[{mount.options}]

For example:

:/     /mnt/ceph    ceph    name=admin,noatime,_netdev    0       2

The default for the name= parameter is guest. If the secret or secretfile options are not specified then the mount helper will attempt to find a secret for the given name in one of the configured keyrings.

See User Management for details on CephX user management and mount.ceph manual for more options it can take. For troubleshooting, see Kernel mount debugging.