This document is for a development version of Ceph.
Have cephadm deploy and configure these services. This is the default when bootstrapping a new cluster unless the
--skip-monitoring-stackoption is used.
Deploy and configure these services manually. This is recommended for users with existing prometheus services in their environment (and in cases where Ceph is running in Kubernetes with Rook).
Skip the monitoring stack completely. Some Ceph dashboard graphs will not be available.
Prometheus’ security model presumes that untrusted users have access to the Prometheus HTTP endpoint and logs. Untrusted users have access to all the (meta)data Prometheus collects that is contained in the database, plus a variety of operational and debugging information.
However, Prometheus’ HTTP API is limited to read-only operations. Configurations can not be changed using the API and secrets are not exposed. Moreover, Prometheus has some built-in measures to mitigate the impact of denial of service attacks.
Please see Prometheus’ Security model <https://prometheus.io/docs/operating/security/> for more detailed information.
Deploying monitoring with cephadm¶
By default, bootstrap will deploy a basic monitoring stack. If you
did not do this (by passing
--skip-monitoring-stack, or if you
converted an existing cluster to cephadm management, you can set up
monitoring by following the steps below.
Enable the prometheus module in the ceph-mgr daemon. This exposes the internal Ceph metrics so that prometheus can scrape them.
ceph mgr module enable prometheus
Deploy a node-exporter service on every node of the cluster. The node-exporter provides host-level metrics like CPU and memory utilization.
ceph orch apply node-exporter '*'
ceph orch apply alertmanager 1
Deploy prometheus. A single prometheus instance is sufficient, but for HA you may want to deploy two.
ceph orch apply prometheus 1 # or 2
ceph orch apply grafana 1
Cephadm takes care of the configuration of Prometheus, Grafana, and Alertmanager automatically.
However, there is one exception to this rule. In a some setups, the Dashboard user’s browser might not be able to access the Grafana URL configured in Ceph Dashboard. One such scenario is when the cluster and the accessing user are each in a different DNS zone.
For this case, there is an extra configuration option for Ceph Dashboard, which can be used to configure the URL for accessing Grafana by the user’s browser. This value will never be altered by cephadm. To set this configuration option, issue the following command:
$ ceph dashboard set-grafana-frontend-api-url <grafana-server-api>
It may take a minute or two for services to be deployed. Once
completed, you should see something like this from
ceph orch ls
$ ceph orch ls NAME RUNNING REFRESHED IMAGE NAME IMAGE ID SPEC alertmanager 1/1 6s ago docker.io/prom/alertmanager:latest 0881eb8f169f present crash 2/2 6s ago docker.io/ceph/daemon-base:latest-master-devel mix present grafana 1/1 0s ago docker.io/pcuzner/ceph-grafana-el8:latest f77afcf0bcf6 absent node-exporter 2/2 6s ago docker.io/prom/node-exporter:latest e5a616e4b9cf present prometheus 1/1 6s ago docker.io/prom/prometheus:latest e935122ab143 present
Configuring SSL/TLS for Grafana¶
cephadm will deploy Grafana using the certificate defined in the ceph
key/value store. If a certificate is not specified,
cephadm will generate a
self-signed certificate during deployment of the Grafana service.
A custom certificate can be configured using the following commands.
ceph config-key set mgr/cephadm/grafana_key -i $PWD/key.pem ceph config-key set mgr/cephadm/grafana_crt -i $PWD/certificate.pem
If you already deployed Grafana, you need to
reconfig the service for the
configuration to be updated.
ceph orch reconfig grafana
reconfig command also takes care of setting the right URL for Ceph
Using custom images¶
It is possible to install or upgrade monitoring components based on other images. To do so, the name of the image to be used needs to be stored in the configuration first. The following configuration options are available.
Custom images can be set with the
ceph config command
ceph config set mgr mgr/cephadm/<option_name> <value>
ceph config set mgr mgr/cephadm/container_image_prometheus prom/prometheus:v1.4.1
By setting a custom image, the default value will be overridden (but not overwritten). The default value changes when updates become available. By setting a custom image, you will not be able to update the component you have set the custom image for automatically. You will need to manually update the configuration (image name and tag) to be able to install updates.
If you choose to go with the recommendations instead, you can reset the
custom image you have set before. After that, the default value will be
used again. Use
ceph config rm to reset the configuration option
ceph config rm mgr mgr/cephadm/<option_name>
ceph config rm mgr mgr/cephadm/container_image_prometheus
Using custom configuration files¶
By overriding cephadm templates, it is possible to completely customize the configuration files for monitoring services.
Internally, cephadm already uses Jinja2 templates to generate the configuration files for all monitoring components. To be able to customize the configuration of Prometheus, Grafana or the Alertmanager it is possible to store a Jinja2 template for each service that will be used for configuration generation instead. This template will be evaluated every time a service of that kind is deployed or reconfigured. That way, the custom configuration is preserved and automatically applied on future deployments of these services.
The configuration of the custom template is also preserved when the default configuration of cephadm changes. If the updated configuration is to be used, the custom template needs to be migrated manually.
The following templates for files that will be generated by cephadm can be
overridden. These are the names to be used when storing with
You can look up the file templates that are currently used by cephadm in
The following command applies a single line value:
ceph config-key set mgr/cephadm/<option_name> <value>
To set contents of files as template use the
ceph config-key set mgr/cephadm/<option_name> -i $PWD/<filename>
When using files as input to
config-key an absolute path to the file must
Then the configuration file for the service needs to be recreated. This is done using reconfig. For more details see the following example.
# set the contents of ./prometheus.yml.j2 as template ceph config-key set mgr/cephadm/services/prometheus/prometheus.yml \ -i $PWD/prometheus.yml.j2 # reconfig the prometheus service ceph orch reconfig prometheus
If you have deployed monitoring and would like to remove it, you can do so with
ceph orch rm grafana ceph orch rm prometheus --force # this will delete metrics data collected so far ceph orch rm node-exporter ceph orch rm alertmanager ceph mgr module disable prometheus
Deploying monitoring manually¶
If you have an existing prometheus monitoring infrastructure, or would like to manage it yourself, you need to configure it to integrate with your Ceph cluster.
Enable the prometheus module in the ceph-mgr daemon
ceph mgr module enable prometheus
By default, ceph-mgr presents prometheus metrics on port 9283 on each host running a ceph-mgr daemon. Configure prometheus to scrape these.
To enable the dashboard’s prometheus-based alerting, see Enabling Prometheus Alerting.
To enable dashboard integration with Grafana, see Enabling the Embedding of Grafana Dashboards.
Enabling RBD-Image monitoring¶
Due to performance reasons, monitoring of RBD images is disabled by default. For more information please see RBD IO statistics. If disabled, the overview and details dashboards will stay empty in Grafana and the metrics will not be visible in Prometheus.