Understanding MDS Cache Size Limits¶
This section describes ways to limit MDS cache size.
You can limit the size of the Metadata Server (MDS) cache by:
A memory limit: A new behavior introduced in the Luminous release. Use the mds_cache_memory_limit parameters.
In addition, you can specify a cache reservation by using the mds_cache_reservation parameter for MDS operations. The cache reservation is limited as a percentage of the memory and is set to 5% by default. The intent of this parameter is to have the MDS maintain an extra reserve of memory for its cache for new metadata operations to use. As a consequence, the MDS should in general operate below its memory limit because it will recall old state from clients in order to drop unused metadata in its cache.
The mds_cache_reservation parameter replaces the mds_health_cache_threshold in all situations except when MDS nodes sends a health alert to the Monitors indicating the cache is too large. By default, mds_health_cache_threshold is 150% of the maximum cache size.
Be aware that the cache limit is not a hard limit. Potential bugs in the CephFS client or MDS or misbehaving applications might cause the MDS to exceed its cache size. The mds_health_cache_threshold configures the cluster health warning message so that operators can investigate why the MDS cannot shrink its cache.