Testing - unit tests

Ceph has two types of tests: unit tests (also called make check tests) and integration tests. Strictly speaking, the make check tests are not “unit tests”, but rather tests that can be run easily on a single build machine after compiling Ceph from source, whereas integration tests require packages and multi-machine clusters to run.

What does “make check” mean?

After compiling Ceph, the code can be run through a battery of tests covering various aspects of Ceph. For historical reasons, this battery of tests is often referred to as make check even though the actual command used to run the tests is now ctest. For inclusion in this battery of tests, a test must:

  • bind ports that do not conflict with other tests

  • not require root access

  • not require more than one machine to run

  • complete within a few minutes

For simplicity, we will refer to this class of tests as “make check tests” or “unit tests”, to distinguish them from the more complex “integration tests” that are run via the teuthology framework.

While it is possible to run ctest directly, it can be tricky to correctly set up your environment. Fortunately, a script is provided to make it easier run the unit tests on your code. It can be run from the top-level directory of the Ceph source tree by doing:

$ ./run-make-check.sh

You will need a minimum of 8GB of RAM and 32GB of free disk space for this command to complete successfully on x86_64 (other architectures may have different constraints). Depending on your hardware, it can take from 20 minutes to three hours to complete, but it’s worth the wait.

How unit tests are declared

Unit tests are declared in the CMakeLists.txt files (multiple files under ./src) using the add_ceph_test or add_ceph_unittest CMake functions, which are themselves defined in ./cmake/modules/AddCephTest.cmake. Some unit tests are scripts, while others are binaries that are compiled during the build process. The add_ceph_test function is used to declare unit test scripts, while add_ceph_unittest is used for unit test binaries.

Unit testing of CLI tools

Some of the CLI tools are tested using special files ending with the extension .t and stored under ./src/test/cli. These tests are run using a tool called cram via a shell script ./src/test/run-cli-tests. cram tests that are not suitable for make check may also be run by teuthology using the cram task.

Tox based testing of python modules

Most python modules can be found under ./src/pybind/.

Many modules use tox to run their unit tests. tox itself is a generic virtualenv management and test command line tool.

To find out quickly if tox can be run you can either just try to run tox or find out if a tox.ini exists.

Currently the following modules use tox:

  • Cephadm (./src/pybind/mgr/cephadm)

  • Insights (./src/pybind/mgr/insights)

  • Manager core (./src/pybind/mgr)

  • Dashboard (./src/pybind/mgr/dashboard)

  • Python common (./src/python-common/tox.ini)

Most tox configuration support multiple environments and tasks. You can see which environments and tasks are supported by looking into the tox.ini file to see what envlist is assigned. To run tox, just execute tox in the directory where tox.ini lies. Without any specified environments -e $env1,$env2, all environments will be run. Jenkins will run tox by executing run_tox.sh which lies under ./src/script.

Here some examples from ceph dashboard on how to specify different environments and run options:

## Run Python 2+3 tests+lint commands:
$ tox -e py27,py3,lint,check

## Run Python 3 tests+lint commands:
$ tox -e py3,lint,check

## To run it like Jenkins would do
$ ../../../script/run_tox.sh --tox-env py27,py3,lint,check
$ ../../../script/run_tox.sh --tox-env py3,lint,check

Manager core unit tests

Currently only doctests inside mgr_util.py are run.

To add more files that should be tested inside the core of the manager add them at the end of the line that includes mgr_util.py inside tox.ini.

Unit test caveats

  1. Unlike the various Ceph daemons and ceph-fuse, the unit tests are linked against the default memory allocator (glibc) unless explicitly linked against something else. This enables tools like valgrind to be used in the tests.