Upgrading Ceph


DATE: 01 NOV 2021.


A recently-discovered bug (https://tracker.ceph.com/issues/53062) can cause data corruption. This bug occurs during OMAP format conversion for clusters that are updated to Pacific. New clusters are not affected by this bug.

The trigger for this bug is BlueStore’s repair/quick-fix functionality. This bug can be triggered in two known ways:

  1. manually via the ceph-bluestore-tool, or

  2. automatically, by OSD if bluestore_fsck_quick_fix_on_mount is set to true.

The fix for this bug is expected to be available in Ceph v16.2.7.

DO NOT set bluestore_quick_fix_on_mount to true. If it is currently set to true in your configuration, immediately set it to false.

DO NOT run ceph-bluestore-tool’s repair/quick-fix commands.

Cephadm can safely upgrade Ceph from one bugfix release to the next. For example, you can upgrade from v15.2.0 (the first Octopus release) to the next point release, v15.2.1.

The automated upgrade process follows Ceph best practices. For example:

  • The upgrade order starts with managers, monitors, then other daemons.

  • Each daemon is restarted only after Ceph indicates that the cluster will remain available.


The Ceph cluster health status is likely to switch to HEALTH_WARNING during the upgrade.


In case a host of the cluster is offline, the upgrade is paused.

Starting the upgrade

Before you use cephadm to upgrade Ceph, verify that all hosts are currently online and that your cluster is healthy by running the following command:

ceph -s

To upgrade (or downgrade) to a specific release, run the following command:

ceph orch upgrade start --ceph-version <version>

For example, to upgrade to v16.2.6, run the following command:

ceph orch upgrade start --ceph-version 16.2.6


From version v16.2.6 the Docker Hub registry is no longer used, so if you use Docker you have to point it to the image in the quay.io registry:

ceph orch upgrade start --image quay.io/ceph/ceph:v16.2.6

Monitoring the upgrade

Determine (1) whether an upgrade is in progress and (2) which version the cluster is upgrading to by running the following command:

ceph orch upgrade status

Watching the progress bar during a Ceph upgrade

During the upgrade, a progress bar is visible in the ceph status output. It looks like this:

# ceph -s

    Upgrade to docker.io/ceph/ceph:v15.2.1 (00h 20m 12s)
      [=======.....................] (time remaining: 01h 43m 31s)

Watching the cephadm log during an upgrade

Watch the cephadm log by running the following command:

ceph -W cephadm

Canceling an upgrade

You can stop the upgrade process at any time by running the following command:

ceph orch upgrade stop

Potential problems

There are a few health alerts that can arise during the upgrade process.


This alert (UPGRADE_NO_STANDBY_MGR) means that Ceph does not detect an active standby manager daemon. In order to proceed with the upgrade, Ceph requires an active standby manager daemon (which you can think of in this context as “a second manager”).

You can ensure that Cephadm is configured to run 2 (or more) managers by running the following command:

ceph orch apply mgr 2  # or more

You can check the status of existing mgr daemons by running the following command:

ceph orch ps --daemon-type mgr

If an existing mgr daemon has stopped, you can try to restart it by running the following command:

ceph orch daemon restart <name>


This alert (UPGRADE_FAILED_PULL) means that Ceph was unable to pull the container image for the target version. This can happen if you specify a version or container image that does not exist (e.g. “1.2.3”), or if the container registry can not be reached by one or more hosts in the cluster.

To cancel the existing upgrade and to specify a different target version, run the following commands:

ceph orch upgrade stop
ceph orch upgrade start --ceph-version <version>

Using customized container images

For most users, upgrading requires nothing more complicated than specifying the Ceph version number to upgrade to. In such cases, cephadm locates the specific Ceph container image to use by combining the container_image_base configuration option (default: docker.io/ceph/ceph) with a tag of vX.Y.Z.

But it is possible to upgrade to an arbitrary container image, if that’s what you need. For example, the following command upgrades to a development build:

ceph orch upgrade start --image quay.io/ceph-ci/ceph:recent-git-branch-name

For more information about available container images, see Ceph Container Images.