Orchestrator CLI

This module provides a command line interface (CLI) for orchestrator modules. Orchestrator modules are ceph-mgr plugins that interface with external orchestration services.

Definition of Terms

The orchestrator CLI unifies multiple external orchestrators, so we need a common nomenclature for the orchestrator module:


hostname (not the DNS name) of the physical host. Not the podname, container name, or hostname inside the container.

service type

The type of the service. e.g., nfs, mds, osd, mon, rgw, mgr, iscsi


A logical service. Typically comprised of multiple service instances on multiple hosts for HA

  • fs_name for mds type

  • rgw_zone for rgw type

  • ganesha_cluster_id for nfs type


A single instance of a service. Usually a daemon, but maybe not (e.g., might be a kernel service like LIO or knfsd or whatever)

This identifier should uniquely identify the instance.

Here is how the names relate:

  • A service has a specific service type.

  • A daemon is a physical instance of a service type.


Orchestrator modules might implement only a subset of the commands listed below. The implementation of the commands may differ between modules.


ceph orch status [--detail]

This command shows the current orchestrator mode and its high-level status (whether the orchestrator plugin is available and operational).

Stateless services (MDS/RGW/NFS/rbd-mirror/iSCSI)


The orchestrator will not configure the services. See the relevant documentation for details about how to configure particular services.

The name parameter identifies the kind of the group of instances. The following short list explains the meaning of the name parameter:

  • A CephFS file system identifies a group of MDS daemons.

  • A zone name identifies a group of RGWs.

Creating/growing/shrinking/removing services:

ceph orch apply mds <fs_name> [--placement=<placement>] [--dry-run]
ceph orch apply rgw <name> [--realm=<realm>] [--zone=<zone>] [--port=<port>] [--ssl] [--placement=<placement>] [--dry-run]
ceph orch apply nfs <name> <pool> [--namespace=<namespace>] [--placement=<placement>] [--dry-run]
ceph orch rm <service_name> [--force]

where placement is a Daemon Placement.

e.g., ceph orch apply mds myfs --placement="3 host1 host2 host3"

Service Commands:

ceph orch <start|stop|restart|redeploy|reconfig> <service_name>


These commands apply only to cephadm containerized daemons.



Start the daemon on the corresponding host.


Stop the daemon on the corresponding host.


Restart the daemon on the corresponding host.


Redeploy the ceph daemon on the corresponding host. This will recreate the daemon directory structure under /var/lib/ceph/<fsid>/<daemon-name> (if it doesn’t exist), refresh its configuration files, regenerate its unit-files and restarts the systemd daemon.


Reconfigure the daemon on the corresponding host. This will refresh configuration files then restart the daemon.


this command assumes the daemon directory /var/lib/ceph/<fsid>/<daemon-name> already exists.

Configuring the Orchestrator CLI

Enable the orchestrator by using the set backend command to select the orchestrator module that will be used:

ceph orch set backend <module>

Example - Configuring the Orchestrator CLI

For example, to enable the Rook orchestrator module and use it with the CLI:

ceph mgr module enable rook
ceph orch set backend rook

Confirm that the backend is properly configured:

ceph orch status

Disable the Orchestrator

To disable the orchestrator, use the empty string "":

ceph orch set backend ""
ceph mgr module disable rook

Current Implementation Status

This is an overview of the current implementation status of the orchestrators.




apply iscsi

apply mds

apply mgr

apply mon

apply nfs

apply osd

apply rbd-mirror

apply cephfs-mirror

apply grafana

apply prometheus

apply alertmanager

apply node-exporter

apply rgw

apply container

apply snmp-gateway

host add

host ls

host rm

host maintenance enter

host maintenance exit

daemon status

daemon {stop,start,…}

device {ident,fault}-(on,off}

device ls

iscsi add

mds add

nfs add

rbd-mirror add

rgw add






  • ⚪ = not yet implemented

  • ❌ = not applicable

  • ✔ = implemented