The Gateway Won’t Start

If you cannot start the gateway (i.e., there is no existing pid), check to see if there is an existing .asok file from another user. If an .asok file from another user exists and there is no running pid, remove the .asok file and try to start the process again. This may occur when you start the process as a root user and the startup script is trying to start the process as a www-data or apache user and an existing .asok is preventing the script from starting the daemon.

The radosgw init script (/etc/init.d/radosgw) also has a verbose argument that can provide some insight as to what could be the issue:

/etc/init.d/radosgw start -v


/etc/init.d radosgw start --verbose

HTTP Request Errors

Examining the access and error logs for the web server itself is probably the first step in identifying what is going on. If there is a 500 error, that usually indicates a problem communicating with the radosgw daemon. Ensure the daemon is running, its socket path is configured, and that the web server is looking for it in the proper location.

Crashed radosgw process

If the radosgw process dies, you will normally see a 500 error from the web server (apache, nginx, etc.). In that situation, simply restarting radosgw will restore service.

To diagnose the cause of the crash, check the log in /var/log/ceph and/or the core file (if one was generated).

Blocked radosgw Requests

If some (or all) radosgw requests appear to be blocked, you can get some insight into the internal state of the radosgw daemon via its admin socket. By default, there will be a socket configured to reside in /var/run/ceph, and the daemon can be queried with:

ceph daemon /var/run/ceph/client.rgw help

help                list available commands
objecter_requests   show in-progress osd requests
perfcounters_dump   dump perfcounters value
perfcounters_schema dump perfcounters schema
version             get protocol version

Of particular interest:

ceph daemon /var/run/ceph/client.rgw objecter_requests

will dump information about current in-progress requests with the RADOS cluster. This allows one to identify if any requests are blocked by a non-responsive OSD. For example, one might see:

{ "ops": [
      { "tid": 1858,
        "pg": "2.d2041a48",
        "osd": 1,
        "last_sent": "2012-03-08 14:56:37.949872",
        "attempts": 1,
        "object_id": "fatty_25647_object1857",
        "object_locator": "@2",
        "snapid": "head",
        "snap_context": "0=[]",
        "mtime": "2012-03-08 14:56:37.949813",
        "osd_ops": [
              "write 0~4096"]},
      { "tid": 1873,
        "pg": "2.695e9f8e",
        "osd": 1,
        "last_sent": "2012-03-08 14:56:37.970615",
        "attempts": 1,
        "object_id": "fatty_25647_object1872",
        "object_locator": "@2",
        "snapid": "head",
        "snap_context": "0=[]",
        "mtime": "2012-03-08 14:56:37.970555",
        "osd_ops": [
              "write 0~4096"]}],
"linger_ops": [],
"pool_ops": [],
"pool_stat_ops": [],
"statfs_ops": []}

In this dump, two requests are in progress. The last_sent field is the time the RADOS request was sent. If this is a while ago, it suggests that the OSD is not responding. For example, for request 1858, you could check the OSD status with:

ceph pg map 2.d2041a48

osdmap e9 pg 2.d2041a48 (2.0) -> up [1,0] acting [1,0]

This tells us to look at osd.1, the primary copy for this PG:

ceph daemon osd.1 ops
{ "num_ops": 651,
 "ops": [
       { "description": "osd_op(client.4124.0:1858 fatty_25647_object1857 [write 0~4096] 2.d2041a48)",
         "received_at": "1331247573.344650",
         "age": "25.606449",
         "flag_point": "waiting for sub ops",
         "client_info": { "client": "client.4124",
             "tid": 1858}},

The flag_point field indicates that the OSD is currently waiting for replicas to respond, in this case osd.0.

Java S3 API Troubleshooting

Peer Not Authenticated

You may receive an error that looks like this:

[java] INFO: Unable to execute HTTP request: peer not authenticated

The Java SDK for S3 requires a valid certificate from a recognized certificate authority, because it uses HTTPS by default. If you are just testing the Ceph Object Storage services, you can resolve this problem in a few ways:

  1. Prepend the IP address or hostname with http://. For example, change this:



  2. After setting your credentials, add a client configuration and set the protocol to Protocol.HTTP.

    AWSCredentials credentials = new BasicAWSCredentials(accessKey, secretKey);
    ClientConfiguration clientConfig = new ClientConfiguration();
    AmazonS3 conn = new AmazonS3Client(credentials, clientConfig);

405 MethodNotAllowed

If you receive an 405 error, check to see if you have the S3 subdomain set up correctly. You will need to have a wild card setting in your DNS record for subdomain functionality to work properly.

Also, check to ensure that the default site is disabled.

[java] Exception in thread "main" Status Code: 405, AWS Service: Amazon S3, AWS Request ID: null, AWS Error Code: MethodNotAllowed, AWS Error Message: null, S3 Extended Request ID: null

Numerous objects in default.rgw.meta pool

Clusters created prior to jewel have a metadata archival feature enabled by default, using the default.rgw.meta pool. This archive keeps all old versions of user and bucket metadata, resulting in large numbers of objects in the default.rgw.meta pool.

Disabling the Metadata Heap

Users who want to disable this feature going forward should set the metadata_heap field to an empty string "":

$ radosgw-admin zone get --rgw-zone=default > zone.json
[edit zone.json, setting "metadata_heap": ""]
$ radosgw-admin zone set --rgw-zone=default --infile=zone.json
$ radosgw-admin period update --commit

This will stop new metadata from being written to the default.rgw.meta pool, but does not remove any existing objects or pool.

Cleaning the Metadata Heap Pool

Clusters created prior to jewel normally use default.rgw.meta only for the metadata archival feature.

However, from luminous onwards, radosgw uses Pool Namespaces within default.rgw.meta for an entirely different purpose, that is, to store user_keys and other critical metadata.

Users should check zone configuration before proceeding any cleanup procedures:

$ radosgw-admin zone get --rgw-zone=default | grep default.rgw.meta
[should not match any strings]

Having confirmed that the pool is not used for any purpose, users may safely delete all objects in the default.rgw.meta pool, or optionally, delete the entire pool itself.