Ceph is growing rapidly. As firms deploy Ceph, the technical terms such as “RADOS”, “RBD,” “RGW” and so forth require corresponding marketing terms that explain what each component does. The terms in this glossary are intended to complement the existing technical terminology.
Sometimes more than one term applies to a definition. Generally, the first term reflects a term consistent with Ceph’s marketing, and secondary terms reflect either technical terms or legacy ways of referring to Ceph systems.
OSD BlueStore is a new back end for OSD daemons (kraken and newer versions). Unlike filestore it stores objects directly on the Ceph block devices without any file system interface.
- Ceph Block Device¶
- Ceph Block Storage¶
The block storage “product,” service or capabilities when used in conjunction with
librbd, a hypervisor such as QEMU or Xen, and a hypervisor abstraction layer such as
- Ceph Client¶
The collection of Ceph components which can access a Ceph Storage Cluster. These include the Ceph Object Gateway, the Ceph Block Device, the Ceph File System, and their corresponding libraries, kernel modules, and FUSEs.
- Ceph Client Libraries¶
The collection of libraries that can be used to interact with components of the Ceph System.
- Ceph Clients¶
- Ceph Cluster Map¶
- Ceph Dashboard¶
- Ceph File System¶
- Ceph FS¶
- Ceph Interim Release¶
Versions of Ceph that have not yet been put through quality assurance testing, but may contain new features.
- Ceph Kernel Modules¶
The collection of kernel modules which can be used to interact with the Ceph System (e.g.,
- Ceph Manager¶
- Ceph Manager Dashboard¶
- Ceph Metadata Server¶
- Ceph Monitor¶
- Ceph Node¶
- Ceph Object Gateway¶
- Ceph Object Storage¶
The object storage “product”, service or capabilities, which consists essentially of a Ceph Storage Cluster and a Ceph Object Gateway.
- Ceph Object Store¶
- Ceph OSD¶
The Ceph OSD software, which interacts with a logical disk (OSD). Sometimes, Ceph users use the term “OSD” to refer to “Ceph OSD Daemon”, though the proper term is “Ceph OSD”.
- Ceph OSD Daemon¶
- Ceph OSD Daemons¶
- Ceph Platform¶
All Ceph software, which includes any piece of code hosted at https://github.com/ceph.
- Ceph Point Release¶
Any ad-hoc release that includes only bug or security fixes.
- Ceph Project¶
The aggregate term for the people, software, mission and infrastructure of Ceph.
- Ceph Release¶
Any distinct numbered version of Ceph.
- Ceph Release Candidate¶
A major version of Ceph that has undergone initial quality assurance testing and is ready for beta testers.
- Ceph Stable Release¶
A major version of Ceph where all features from the preceding interim releases have been put through quality assurance testing successfully.
- Ceph Stack¶
A collection of two or more components of Ceph.
- Ceph Storage Cluster¶
- Ceph System¶
- Ceph Test Framework¶
The Ceph authentication protocol. Cephx operates like Kerberos, but it has no single point of failure.
- Cloud Platforms¶
- Cloud Stacks¶
Third party cloud provisioning platforms such as OpenStack, CloudStack, OpenNebula, Proxmox VE, etc.
- Cluster Map¶
The set of maps comprising the monitor map, OSD map, PG map, MDS map and CRUSH map. See Cluster Map for details.
Controlled Replication Under Scalable Hashing. It is the algorithm Ceph uses to compute object storage locations.
- CRUSH rule¶
The CRUSH data placement rule that applies to a particular pool(s).
A built-in web-based Ceph management and monitoring application to administer various aspects and objects of the cluster. The dashboard is implemented as a Ceph Manager module. See Ceph Dashboard for more details.
- Dashboard Module¶
- Dashboard Plugin¶
A back end for OSD daemons, where a Journal is needed and files are written to the filesystem.
Any single machine or server in a Ceph System.
Extensible metadata for LVM volumes and groups. It is used to store Ceph-specific information about devices and its relationship with OSDs.
The Ceph metadata software.
The Ceph manager software, which collects all the state from the whole cluster in one place.
The Ceph monitor software.
- Object Storage Device¶
A physical or logical storage unit (e.g., LUN). Sometimes, Ceph users use the term “OSD” to refer to Ceph OSD Daemon, though the proper term is “Ceph OSD”.
- OSD fsid¶
This is a unique identifier used to further improve the uniqueness of an OSD and it is found in the OSD path in a file called
fsidterm is used interchangeably with
- OSD id¶
The integer that defines an OSD. It is generated by the monitors as part of the creation of a new OSD.
- OSD uuid¶
Just like the OSD fsid, this is the OSD unique identifier and is used interchangeably with
Pools are logical partitions for storing objects.
- RADOS Cluster¶
- RADOS Gateway¶
The block storage component of Ceph.
- Reliable Autonomic Distributed Object Store¶
The core set of storage software which stores the user’s data (MON+OSD).
The S3/Swift gateway component of Ceph.
- systemd oneshot¶
typewhere a command is defined in
ExecStartwhich will exit upon completion (it is not intended to daemonize)
The collection of software that performs scripted tests on Ceph.