Monitoring Ceph iSCSI gateways

Ceph provides a tool for iSCSI gateway environments to monitor performance of exported RADOS Block Device (RBD) images.

The gwtop tool is a top-like tool that displays aggregated performance metrics of RBD images that are exported to clients over iSCSI. The metrics are sourced from a Performance Metrics Domain Agent (PMDA). Information from the Linux-IO target (LIO) PMDA is used to list each exported RBD image, the connected client, and its associated I/O metrics.


  • A running Ceph iSCSI gateway


  1. As root, install the ceph-iscsi-tools package on each iSCSI gateway node:

    # yum install ceph-iscsi-tools
  2. As root, install the performance co-pilot package on each iSCSI gateway node:

    # yum install pcp
  3. As root, install the LIO PMDA package on each iSCSI gateway node:

    # yum install pcp-pmda-lio
  4. As root, enable and start the performance co-pilot service on each iSCSI gateway node:

    # systemctl enable pmcd
    # systemctl start pmcd
  5. As root, register the pcp-pmda-lio agent:

    cd /var/lib/pcp/pmdas/lio

By default, gwtop assumes the iSCSI gateway configuration object is stored in a RADOS object called gateway.conf in the rbd pool. This configuration defines the iSCSI gateways to contact for gathering the performance statistics. This can be overridden by using either the -g or -c flags. See gwtop --help for more details.

The LIO configuration determines which type of performance statistics to extract from performance co-pilot. When gwtop starts it looks at the LIO configuration, and if it find user-space disks, then gwtop selects the LIO collector automatically.

Example ``gwtop`` Outputs

gwtop  2/2 Gateways   CPU% MIN:  4 MAX:  5    Network Total In:    2M  Out:    3M   10:20:00
Capacity:   8G    Disks:   8   IOPS:  503   Clients:  1   Ceph: HEALTH_OK          OSDs:   3
Pool.Image       Src    Size     iops     rMB/s     wMB/s   Client
iscsi.t1703             500M        0      0.00      0.00
iscsi.testme1           500M        0      0.00      0.00
iscsi.testme2           500M        0      0.00      0.00
iscsi.testme3           500M        0      0.00      0.00
iscsi.testme5           500M        0      0.00      0.00
rbd.myhost_1      T       4G      504      1.95      0.00   rh460p(CON)
rbd.test_2                1G        0      0.00      0.00
rbd.testme              500M        0      0.00      0.00

In the Client column, (CON) means the iSCSI initiator (client) is currently logged into the iSCSI gateway. If -multi- is displayed, then multiple clients are mapped to the single RBD image.