CephFS health messages¶
Cluster health checks¶
The Ceph monitor daemons will generate health messages in response to certain states of the file system map structure (and the enclosed MDS maps).
Message: mds rank(s) ranks have failed Description: One or more MDS ranks are not currently assigned to an MDS daemon; the cluster will not recover until a suitable replacement daemon starts.
Message: mds rank(s) ranks are damaged Description: One or more MDS ranks has encountered severe damage to its stored metadata, and cannot start again until it is repaired.
Message: mds cluster is degraded Description: One or more MDS ranks are not currently up and running, clients may pause metadata IO until this situation is resolved. This includes ranks being failed or damaged, and additionally includes ranks which are running on an MDS but have not yet made it to the active state (e.g. ranks currently in replay state).
Message: mds names are laggy
Description: The named MDS daemons have failed to send beacon messages
to the monitor for at least
mds_beacon_grace (default 15s), while
they are supposed to send beacon messages every
(default 4s). The daemons may have crashed. The Ceph monitor will
automatically replace laggy daemons with standbys if any are available.
Message: insufficient standby daemons available
Description: One or more file systems are configured to have a certain number
of standby daemons available (including daemons in standby-replay) but the
cluster does not have enough standby daemons. The standby daemons not in replay
count towards any file system (i.e. they may overlap). This warning can
configured by setting
ceph fs set <fs> standby_count_wanted <count>. Use
count to disable.
Daemon-reported health checks¶
MDS daemons can identify a variety of unwanted conditions, and
indicate these to the operator in the output of
These conditions have human readable messages, and additionally
a unique code starting with
ceph health detail shows the details of the conditions. Following
is a typical health report from a cluster experiencing MDS related
$ ceph health detail HEALTH_WARN 1 MDSs report slow metadata IOs; 1 MDSs report slow requests MDS_SLOW_METADATA_IO 1 MDSs report slow metadata IOs mds.fs-01(mds.0): 3 slow metadata IOs are blocked > 30 secs, oldest blocked for 51123 secs MDS_SLOW_REQUEST 1 MDSs report slow requests mds.fs-01(mds.0): 5 slow requests are blocked > 30 secs
Where, for intance,
MDS_SLOW_REQUEST is the unique code representing the
condition where requests are taking long time to complete. And the following
description shows its severity and the MDS daemons which are serving these
This page lists the health checks raised by MDS daemons. For the checks from other daemons, please see Health checks.
“Behind on trimming…”
CephFS maintains a metadata journal that is divided into log segments. The length of journal (in number of segments) is controlled by the setting
mds_log_max_segments, and when the number of segments exceeds that setting the MDS starts writing back metadata so that it can remove (trim) the oldest segments. If this writeback is happening too slowly, or a software bug is preventing trimming, then this health message may appear. The threshold for this message to appear is controlled by the config option
mds_log_warn_factor, the default is 2.0.
“Client name failing to respond to capability release”
CephFS clients are issued capabilities by the MDS, which are like locks. Sometimes, for example when another client needs access, the MDS will request clients release their capabilities. If the client is unresponsive or buggy, it might fail to do so promptly or fail to do so at all. This message appears if a client has taken longer than
session_timeout(default 60s) to comply.
“Client name failing to respond to cache pressure”
Clients maintain a metadata cache. Items (such as inodes) in the client cache are also pinned in the MDS cache, so when the MDS needs to shrink its cache (to stay within
mds_cache_memory_limit), it sends messages to clients to shrink their caches too. If the client is unresponsive or buggy, this can prevent the MDS from properly staying within its cache limits and it may eventually run out of memory and crash. This message appears if a client has failed to release more than
mds_recall_warning_thresholdcapabilities (decaying with a half-life of
mds_recall_max_decay_rate) within the last
“Client name failing to advance its oldest client/flush tid”
The CephFS client-MDS protocol uses a field called the oldest tid to inform the MDS of which client requests are fully complete and may therefore be forgotten about by the MDS. If a buggy client is failing to advance this field, then the MDS may be prevented from properly cleaning up resources used by client requests. This message appears if a client appears to have more than
max_completed_requests(default 100000) requests that are complete on the MDS side but haven’t yet been accounted for in the client’s oldest tid value.
“Metadata damage detected”
Corrupt or missing metadata was encountered when reading from the metadata pool. This message indicates that the damage was sufficiently isolated for the MDS to continue operating, although client accesses to the damaged subtree will return IO errors. Use the
damage lsadmin socket command to get more detail on the damage. This message appears as soon as any damage is encountered.
“MDS in read-only mode”
The MDS has gone into readonly mode and will return EROFS error codes to client operations that attempt to modify any metadata. The MDS will go into readonly mode if it encounters a write error while writing to the metadata pool, or if forced to by an administrator using the force_readonly admin socket command.
“N slow requests are blocked”
One or more client requests have not been completed promptly, indicating that the MDS is either running very slowly, or that the RADOS cluster is not acknowledging journal writes promptly, or that there is a bug. Use the
opsadmin socket command to list outstanding metadata operations. This message appears if any client requests have taken longer than
“Too many inodes in cache”
The MDS is not succeeding in trimming its cache to comply with the limit set by the administrator. If the MDS cache becomes too large, the daemon may exhaust available memory and crash. By default, this message appears if the actual cache size (in memory) is at least 50% greater than
mds_cache_memory_limit(default 1GB). Modify
mds_health_cache_thresholdto set the warning ratio.