This document is for a development version of Ceph.

Troubleshooting Ceph on Windows

MSI installer

The MSI source code can be consulted here:

The following command can be used to generate MSI logs

msiexec.exe /i $msi_full_path /l*v! $log_file

WNBD driver installation failures will be logged here: C:\Windows\inf\ A server reboot is required after uninstalling the driver, otherwise subsequent install attempts may fail.


For WNBD troubleshooting, please check this page:


Most rbd-wnbd and rbd device commands require privileged rights. Make sure to use an elevated PowerShell or CMD command prompt.

Crash dumps

Userspace crash dumps can be placed at a configurable location and enabled for all applications or just predefined ones, as outlined here:

Whenever a Windows application crashes, an event will be submitted to the Application Windows Event Log, having Event ID 1000. The entry will also include the process id, the faulting module name and path as well as the exception code.

Please note that in order to analyze crash dumps, the debug symbols are required. We’re currently building Ceph using MinGW, so by default DWARF symbols will be embedded in the binaries. windbg does not support such symbols but gdb can be used.

gdb can debug running Windows processes but it cannot open Windows minidumps. The following gdb fork may be used until this functionality is merged upstream: As an alternative, DWARF symbols can be converted using cv2pdb but be aware that this tool has limited C++ support.

ceph tool

The ceph Python tool can’t be used on Windows natively yet. With minor changes it may run, but the main issue is that Python doesn’t currently allow using AF_UNIX on Windows:

As an alternative, the ceph tool can be used through Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). For example, running Windows RBD daemons may be contacted by using:

ceph daemon /mnt/c/ProgramData/ceph/out/ceph-client.admin.61436.1209215304.asok help

IO counters

Along with the standard RBD perf counters, the libwnbd IO counters may be retrieved using:

rbd-wnbd stats $imageName

At the same time, WNBD driver counters can be fetched using:

wnbd-client stats $mappingId

Note that the wnbd-client mapping identifier will be the full RBD image spec (the device column of the rbd device list output).

Missing libraries

The Ceph tools can silently exit with a -1073741515 return code if one of the required DLLs is missing or unsupported.

The Dependency Walker tool can be used to determine the missing library.

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