Notice

This document is for a development version of Ceph.

# Ceph Glossary¶

Ceph is growing rapidly. As firms deploy Ceph, the technical terms such as “RADOS”, “RBD,” “RGW” and so forth require corresponding marketing terms that explain what each component does. The terms in this glossary are intended to complement the existing technical terminology.

Sometimes more than one term applies to a definition. Generally, the first term reflects a term consistent with Ceph’s marketing, and secondary terms reflect either technical terms or legacy ways of referring to Ceph systems.

Ceph Project

The aggregate term for the people, software, mission and infrastructure of Ceph.

cephx

The Ceph authentication protocol. Cephx operates like Kerberos, but it has no single point of failure.

Ceph
Ceph Platform

All Ceph software, which includes any piece of code hosted at https://github.com/ceph.

Ceph System
Ceph Stack

A collection of two or more components of Ceph.

Ceph Node
Node
Host

Any single machine or server in a Ceph System.

Ceph Storage Cluster
Ceph Object Store
Reliable Autonomic Distributed Object Store

The core set of storage software which stores the user’s data (MON+OSD).

Ceph Cluster Map
Cluster Map

The set of maps comprising the monitor map, OSD map, PG map, MDS map and CRUSH map. See Cluster Map for details.

Ceph Object Storage

The object storage “product”, service or capabilities, which consists essentially of a Ceph Storage Cluster and a Ceph Object Gateway.

Ceph Object Gateway
RGW

The S3/Swift gateway component of Ceph.

Ceph Block Device
RBD

The block storage component of Ceph.

Ceph Block Storage

The block storage “product,” service or capabilities when used in conjunction with librbd, a hypervisor such as QEMU or Xen, and a hypervisor abstraction layer such as libvirt.

Ceph File System
CephFS
Ceph FS

The POSIX filesystem components of Ceph. Refer CephFS Architecture and Ceph File System for more details.

Cloud Platforms
Cloud Stacks

Third party cloud provisioning platforms such as OpenStack, CloudStack, OpenNebula, ProxMox, etc.

Object Storage Device
OSD

A physical or logical storage unit (e.g., LUN). Sometimes, Ceph users use the term “OSD” to refer to Ceph OSD Daemon, though the proper term is “Ceph OSD”.

Ceph OSD Daemon
Ceph OSD Daemons
Ceph OSD

The Ceph OSD software, which interacts with a logical disk (OSD). Sometimes, Ceph users use the term “OSD” to refer to “Ceph OSD Daemon”, though the proper term is “Ceph OSD”.

OSD id

The integer that defines an OSD. It is generated by the monitors as part of the creation of a new OSD.

OSD fsid

This is a unique identifier used to further improve the uniqueness of an OSD and it is found in the OSD path in a file called osd_fsid. This fsid term is used interchangeably with uuid

OSD uuid

Just like the OSD fsid, this is the OSD unique identifier and is used interchangeably with fsid

bluestore

OSD BlueStore is a new back end for OSD daemons (kraken and newer versions). Unlike filestore it stores objects directly on the Ceph block devices without any file system interface.

filestore

A back end for OSD daemons, where a Journal is needed and files are written to the filesystem.

Ceph Monitor
MON

The Ceph monitor software.

Ceph Manager
MGR

The Ceph manager software, which collects all the state from the whole cluster in one place.

Ceph Manager Dashboard
Ceph Dashboard
Dashboard Module
Dashboard Plugin
Dashboard

A built-in web-based Ceph management and monitoring application to administer various aspects and objects of the cluster. The dashboard is implemented as a Ceph Manager module. See Ceph Dashboard for more details.

MDS

Ceph Clients
Ceph Client

The collection of Ceph components which can access a Ceph Storage Cluster. These include the Ceph Object Gateway, the Ceph Block Device, the Ceph File System, and their corresponding libraries, kernel modules, and FUSEs.

Ceph Kernel Modules

The collection of kernel modules which can be used to interact with the Ceph System (e.g., ceph.ko, rbd.ko).

Ceph Client Libraries

The collection of libraries that can be used to interact with components of the Ceph System.

Ceph Release

Any distinct numbered version of Ceph.

Ceph Point Release

Any ad-hoc release that includes only bug or security fixes.

Ceph Interim Release

Versions of Ceph that have not yet been put through quality assurance testing, but may contain new features.

Ceph Release Candidate

A major version of Ceph that has undergone initial quality assurance testing and is ready for beta testers.

Ceph Stable Release

A major version of Ceph where all features from the preceding interim releases have been put through quality assurance testing successfully.

Ceph Test Framework
Teuthology

The collection of software that performs scripted tests on Ceph.

CRUSH

Controlled Replication Under Scalable Hashing. It is the algorithm Ceph uses to compute object storage locations.

CRUSH rule

The CRUSH data placement rule that applies to a particular pool(s).

Pool
Pools

Pools are logical partitions for storing objects.

systemd oneshot

A systemd type where a command is defined in ExecStart which will exit upon completion (it is not intended to daemonize)

LVM tags

Extensible metadata for LVM volumes and groups. It is used to store Ceph-specific information about devices and its relationship with OSDs.