This document is for a development version of Ceph.


New in version Kraken.

The Ceph Object Gateway supports server-side compression of uploaded objects. using any of the existing compression plugins.


The Reef release added a compress-encrypted zonegroup feature to enable compression with Server-Side Encryption.

Supported compression plugins include the following:

  • lz4

  • snappy

  • zlib

  • zstd


Compression can be enabled on a storage class in the Zone’s placement target by providing the --compression=<type> option to the command radosgw-admin zone placement modify.

The compression type refers to the name of the compression plugin that will be used when writing new object data. Each compressed object remembers which plugin was used, so any change to this setting will neither affect Ceph’s ability to decompress existing objects nor require existing objects to be recompressed.

Compression settings apply to all new objects uploaded to buckets using this placement target. Compression can be disabled by setting the type to an empty string or none.

For example:

$ radosgw-admin zone placement modify \
      --rgw-zone default \
      --placement-id default-placement \
      --storage-class STANDARD \
      --compression zlib
    "placement_pools": [
            "key": "default-placement",
            "val": {
                "index_pool": "default.rgw.buckets.index",
                "storage_classes": {
                    "STANDARD": {
                        "data_pool": "",
                        "compression_type": "zlib"
                "data_extra_pool": "default.rgw.buckets.non-ec",
                "index_type": 0,


A default zone is created for you if you have not done any previous Multisite Configuration.


Run the radosgw-admin bucket stats command to see compression statistics for a given bucket:

radosgw-admin bucket stats --bucket=<name>
    "usage": {
        "rgw.main": {
            "size": 1075028,
            "size_actual": 1331200,
            "size_utilized": 592035,
            "size_kb": 1050,
            "size_kb_actual": 1300,
            "size_kb_utilized": 579,
            "num_objects": 104

Other commands and APIs will report object and bucket sizes based on their uncompressed data.

The size_utilized and size_kb_utilized fields represent the total size of compressed data, in bytes and kilobytes respectively.

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