Notice

This document is for a development version of Ceph.

The ClientRequest pipeline

In crimson, exactly like in the classical OSD, a client request has data and ordering dependencies which must be satisfied before processing (actually a particular phase of) can begin. As one of the goals behind crimson is to preserve the compatibility with the existing OSD incarnation, the same semantic must be assured. An obvious example of such data dependency is the fact that an OSD needs to have a version of OSDMap that matches the one used by the client (Message::get_min_epoch()).

If a dependency is not satisfied, the processing stops. It is crucial to note the same must happen to all other requests that are sequenced-after (due to their ordering requirements).

There are a few cases when the blocking of a client request can happen.

ClientRequest::ConnectionPipeline::await_map

wait for particular OSDMap version is available at the OSD level

ClientRequest::ConnectionPipeline::get_pg

wait a particular PG becomes available on OSD

ClientRequest::PGPipeline::await_map

wait on a PG being advanced to particular epoch

ClientRequest::PGPipeline::wait_for_active

wait for a PG to become active (i.e. have is_active() asserted)

ClientRequest::PGPipeline::recover_missing

wait on an object to be recovered (i.e. leaving the missing set)

ClientRequest::PGPipeline::get_obc

wait on an object to be available for locking. The obc will be locked before this operation is allowed to continue

ClientRequest::PGPipeline::process

wait if any other MOSDOp message is handled against this PG

At any moment, a ClientRequest being served should be in one and only one of the phases described above. Similarly, an object denoting particular phase can host not more than a single ClientRequest the same time. At low-level this is achieved with a combination of a barrier and an exclusive lock. They implement the semantic of a semaphore with a single slot for these exclusive phases.

As the execution advances, request enters next phase and leaves the current one freeing it for another ClientRequest instance. All these phases form a pipeline which assures the order is preserved.

These pipeline phases are divided into two ordering domains: ConnectionPipeline and PGPipeline. The former ensures order across a client connection while the latter does that across a PG. That is, requests originating from the same connection are executed in the same order as they were sent by the client. The same applies to the PG domain: when requests from multiple connections reach a PG, they are executed in the same order as they entered a first blocking phase of the PGPipeline.

Comparison with the classical OSD

As the audience of this document are Ceph Developers, it seems reasonable to match the phases of crimson’s ClientRequest pipeline with the blocking stages in the classical OSD. The names in the right column are names of containers (lists and maps) used to implement these stages. They are also already documented in the PG.h header.

crimson

ceph-osd waiting list

ConnectionPipeline::await_map ConnectionPipeline::get_pg

OSDShardPGSlot::waiting and OSDShardPGSlot::waiting_peering

PGPipeline::await_map

PG::waiting_for_map

PGPipeline::wait_for_active

PG::waiting_for_peered

PG::waiting_for_flush

PG::waiting_for_active

To be done (PG_STATE_LAGGY)

PG::waiting_for_readable

To be done

PG::waiting_for_scrub

PGPipeline::recover_missing

PG::waiting_for_unreadable_object

PG::waiting_for_degraded_object

To be done (proxying)

PG::waiting_for_blocked_object

PGPipeline::get_obc

obc rwlocks

PGPipeline::process

PG::lock (roughly)

As the last word it might be worth to emphasize that the ordering implementations in both classical OSD and in crimson are stricter than a theoretical minimum one required by the RADOS protocol. For instance, we could parallelize read operations targeting the same object at the price of extra complexity but we don’t – the simplicity has won.